The oldest of Hawaii's major islands
Na Pali Coast, Kauai
BIOLOGY Kauai has a wide variety of plant, marine and animal life. Many species are rare and endangered including the Nene Goose (the official state bird) and Hawaii's only freshwater fish, the oopu. Vegetation zones include: coastal, dryland forest, mixed open forest, rain forest.
CLIMATE Like most of the Hawaiian Islands, Kauai has only two seasons: "summer" between May and October and "winter" between October and April. Depending upon locale:
ECONOMY Healthy In 2006! Key indicators are positive for continuing growth in the second half of this decade. 1 However, Hawaii's cost of living is among the highest in the nation and its 2004 per capita personal income below average. In fact, sources indicate a cost of living ranging from 30% above the national average to over 60% depending upon family size and circumstances - see the Price of Paradise!
Major contributions to the State of Hawaii's economy include:
With the demise of its sugar and pineapple industries in the 1990's, Hawaii is working to diversify its economy with a focus on industries such as science and technology, health and wellness tourism, diversified agriculture, ocean research and development, and film and television production. A Study currently being conducted by the State is looking at the extent to which the benefits from tourism can be maintained, while sustaining the quality of our social, economic and environmental assets.
EDUCATION Kauai :
GEOGRAPHY Kauai County includes the islands of Kauai, Niihau, and uninhabited Lehua and Kaula. The Island of Kauai has an area of approximately 552.3 square miles with 90 miles of coastline.
GOVERNMENT On Kauai, as throughout the State, there are no separate municipal governments. The County of Kauai is responsible for local government on Kauai and has a mayor elected for up to two four-year terms and a seven member council with two-year terms. Kauai's county seat is located in Lihue.
HEALTH Practices (2004): 137 doctors, 36 dentists, 474 nurses and 47 pharmacists.9
OFFICIAL COLOR AND FLOWER The official color is purple and the official flower is the mokihana.
Unmixed (except Hawaiian): 36,821: (61.4%)
Caucasian - 19,133 (31.9%)
Japanese - 7,028 (11.7%)
Filipino - 9,915 (16.5%)
Chinese - 452 (0.8%)
Black - No data (sample size too small)
Korean - No data (sample size too small)
Samoan/Tongan - 146 (0.2%)
Mixed (except Hawaiian) - 9,596 (16.0%)
Hawaiian/Part Hawaiian - 13,532 (22.6%)
TOURISM Kauai had approximately 1.1 million visitors in 2005.12 The island is fully recovered from the ravages of 1992's hurricane Iniki.
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